catullus 2 latin
Commentary references to this page July, 2016. Your current position in the text is marked in blue. that I could play with you myself.

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No ancient biography of Catullus survives. His father’s hospitality to Caesar may have been exercised in Cisalpine Gaul when Caesar was governor of the province, but equally well at Rome—Suetonius does not indicate time or place. On the other hand, the poet twice appears to have included the protection of his own rank among the gifts he had laid at her feet. Click anywhere in the Create a free website or blog at By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. E. T. Merrill, Commentary on Catullus, Education; Anne Mahoney, Overview of Latin Syntax, Nouns, Adjectives, and Pronouns; Anne Mahoney, Overview of Latin Syntax, Verbs; load Vocabulary Tool hide Search Searching in Latin. For the governor Memmius, himself a litterateur (to whom the Roman philosophic poet Lucretius dedicated his poem on the nature of things, De rerum natura), such company might be congenial, and it is possible to speculate that Cinna was on board the yacht. It also records two emotional crises, the death of a brother whose grave he visited in the Troad, also in Asia Minor, and an intense and unhappy love affair, portrayed variously in 25 poems, with a woman who was married and whom he names Lesbia, a pseudonym (Ovid states) for Clodia, according to the 2nd-century writer Apuleius. and receives a sharp bite, Od.

It is addressed to Catullus' dead brother or, strictly speaking, to the "mute ashes" which are the only remaining evidence of his brother's body.

Do narrative poems tend to be very short? The tone is grief-stricken and tender, with Catullus trying to give the best gift he had to bestow (a poem) on his brother, who was taken prematurely.

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Your current position in the text is marked in blue. In 25 of his poems he speaks of his love for a woman he calls Lesbia, whose identity is uncertain. Sparrow, delight of my girl, It quiets her heavy heart:

(12). Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your account. (Suetonius cites the episode as an example of Caesar’s clemency.).

Catullus, in full Gaius Valerius Catullus, (born c. 84 bce, Verona, Cisalpine Gaul—died c. 54 bce, Rome), Roman poet whose expressions of love and hatred are generally considered the finest lyric poetry of ancient Rome. Change ). The client was Marcus Caelius Rufus, conceivably the Rufus reproached by Catullus in poem LXXVII as a trusted friend who had destroyed his happiness (but if so, the Caelius of poem C is a different person). with whom she is accustomed to play, If so, she was most probably the one who married the aristocrat Metellus Celer (consul 60 bce, died 59 bce), who in 62 bce was governor of Cisalpine Gaul. shining desire to jest some dear thing, Other poems by Catullus are scurrilous outbursts of contempt or hatred for Julius Caesar and lesser personages. line to jump to another position: Click on a word to bring up parses, dictionary entries, and frequency statistics. Catullus was thus a contemporary of the statesmen Cicero, Pompey, and Caesar, who are variously addressed by him in his poems. Other poems by Catullus are scurrilous outbursts of whom she holds in her lap,

("Agamemnon", "Hom. According to an anecdote in the Roman biographer Suetonius’ Life of Julius Caesar, Catullus’ father was Caesar’s friend and host, but the son nevertheless lampooned not only the future dictator but also his son-in-law Pompey and his agent and military engineer Mamurra with a scurrility that Caesar admitted was personally damaging and would leave its mark on history; the receipt of an apology was followed by an invitation to dinner “the same day,” and Caesar’s relations with the father continued uninterrupted. Catullus’ poetry reports one event, externally datable to c. 57–56 bce, a journey to Bithynia in Asia Minor in the retinue of Gaius Memmius, the Roman governor of the province, from which he returned to Sirmio. 5. Catullus’ Roman villa may have been heavily mortgaged (depending on the choice of manuscript reading of one poem). ( Log Out / 

Probably bisexual himself, Catullus deals overtly with sexuality, love and manners, in a period of apparent social freedom before the more puritanical mood of the early Empire held sway. distraction from passion’s sweet pain… o! Catullus 101 is an elegiac poem written by the Roman poet Gaius Valerius Catullus. changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

Are prose and poetry the same? She is accorded a vivid if unflattering portrait in Cicero’s Pro Caelio, in which the orator had occasion to blacken her character in order to defend his client against Clodia’s charge that as her lover after her husband’s death he had tried to poison her.

Author of. In 25 of his poems he speaks of his love for a woman he calls Lesbia, whose identity is uncertain. Catullus was alive 55–54 bce on the evidence of four of his poems and died young according to the poet Ovid—at the age of 30 as stated by St. Jerome (writing about the end of the 4th century), who nevertheless dated his life erroneously 87–57 bce.

Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. ( Log Out /  Enter a Perseus citation to go to another section or work. Omissions? The National Endowment for the Humanities provided support for entering this text. Sparrow, o, Lesbia’s sweet bird whom she keeps near to stroke. On his own evidence and that of Jerome, he was born at Verona in northern Italy and was therefore a native of Cisalpine Gaul (Gaul This Side of the Alps); he owned property at Sirmio, the modern Sirmione, on Lake Garda, though he preferred to live in Rome and owned a villa near the Roman suburb of Tibur, in an unfashionable neighbourhood. 2. would that I were able to play with you just as she, Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. It is accepted that Catullus was born c. 84 bce and that he died c. 54 bce. He preceded the poets of the immediately succeeding age of the emperor Augustus, among whom Horace, Sextus Propertius, Tibullus, and Ovid name him as a poet whose work is familiar to them. An XML version of this text is available for download, Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids! Sterling Professor of Classics, Yale University, 1963–71. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Click anywhere in the Latin | Poetry | Roman Republic. E. T. Merrill, Commentary on Catullus, Metres. It may have been at that time that the youthful poet first met her and possibly fell under her spell. His fellow poet Cinna may have accompanied him to Bithynia. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. poem 1 poem 2 poem 3 poem 4 poem 5 poem 6 poem 7 poem 8 poem 9 poem 10 poem 11 poem 12 poem 13 poem 14 poem 14b poem 15 poem 16 poem 17 poem 21 poem 22 poem 23 poem 24 poem 25 poem 26 poem 27 poem 28 poem 29 poem 30 poem 31 poem 32 poem 33 poem 34 poem 35 poem 36 poem 37 poem 38 poem 39 poem 40 poem 41 poem 42 poem 43 poem 44 poem 45 poem 46 poem 47 … The unembroidered, certain facts are scanty. The poet’s Clodia may have been a patrician, one of the three Clodia sisters of Cicero’s foe Publius Clodius Pulcher, all three the subject of scandalous rumour, according to Plutarch. Updates? This identification of Clodia, suggested by an Italian scholar of the 16th century, has found support in some uncertain inferences from the Lesbia poems: the poet’s mistress besides being married perhaps moved in society, enjoyed fashionable amusements, was cultivated and witty, and was licentious enough to justify Cicero’s attack.

at her bosom, to whom with delight she offers a restless finger, prodding for bites, tiny wounds, if ever my fiery lady needs some. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Current location in this text. Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License. Perseus provides credit for all accepted Purchase a copy of this text (not necessarily the same edition) from A few facts can be pieced together from external sources, in the works of his contemporaries or of later writers, supplemented by inferences drawn from his poems, some of which are certain, some only possible. A yacht retired from active service and celebrated in an iambic poem may have been his own, built in Bithynia, in northwestern Asia Minor, and therefore available to convey him on his way home to Sirmio after his tour of duty. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. line to jump to another position: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License,,,,

options are on the right side and top of the page. 9.1", "denarius"). Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. His poems also record, directly or indirectly, a homosexual affair with a youth named Juventius. little sparrow, you would free my thoughts from despair.

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Such are the stated facts. Any student of Latin lyric poetry will tell you that Catullus' poems get pretty raunchy, obsessed with genitalia, semen, and sex in general. Hide browse bar Choose from 500 different sets of latin catullus 2 flashcards on Quizlet. and that I were able to lift the sad cares of my heart! Learn latin catullus 2 with free interactive flashcards., Classical Literature - Biography of Catullus, - Biography of Gaius Valerius Catullus, Catullus - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). to whom, seeking readily, she gives fingertip The brother’s grave could have been visited en route to or from Bithynia. This work is licensed under a Catullus 2 Sparrow, delight of my girl, with whom she is accustomed to play, whom she holds in her lap, to whom, seeking readily, she gives fingertip and receives a sharp bite, I believe it both pleases my shining desire to jest some dear thing, And, as brief solace of her pain, It quiets her…


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