redear sunfish habitat
In streams, it prefers protected bays and overflow pools and avoids the main channel.

In our state, nesting is in May or June, and sometimes again in August. Nebraska Game and Parks Commission, Lincoln, NE. – DuPont Experimental Station, Wilmington, Delaware (retired). We protect and manage the fish, forest, and wildlife of the state. Sigler, W.F., and R.R. Oecologia 89(4):476-481. Estuaries 23(5): 621-632. Rinne, J.N. Hunt, J.L.

Preference of redear sunfish on zebra mussels and rams-horn snails.

Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Martin, T.H., L.B. Redears have thick pharyngeal teeth (hard, movable plates in its throat) which allow it to crunch exoskeletons. Like other sunfish, they prefer warm non-turbulent, protected bodies of water with little or no current.

It prefers the deeper waters of warm ponds, lakes, reservoirs, and swamps, and favors clear water with abundant vegetation and other cover with a substrate of mud or sand (IUCN Redlist, 2013). 1968. Iowa Fish and Fishing. Jenkins, and J.R. Stauffer, Jr. 1986. Moyle, P.B. In: C.H. Fishes in the western Mississippi drainage. Koster, W.J.

The Fishes of Oklahoma. Texas Journal of Science, Supplement 43(4):1-56.

The fishes of Tenneessee. The species' recent (1991) discovery in Vermont is somewhat of a mystery. 161-212 in C.H. They gravitate to stumps, logs, submerged brush and roots. 1987. 162-176 in W.R. Courtenay and J.R. Stauffer, eds. Rasmussen, J.L. Leach, J.T. Ichthyofauna and biogeography of Russell Fork (Big Sandy River - Ohio River). 60th Midwest Fish and Wildlife Conference, Aquatic Nuisance Species Symposium, Dec. 7, 1998, Cincinnati, OH. Page, and M.L. Habitat and conservation This sunfish prefers warm, clear waters with no noticeable current and an abundance of aquatic plants. University of Arkansas Press, Fayetteville, AR. A list of freshwater fishes of South Carolina. White. Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA. 389 pp. Shellcracker grow larger than bluegill, with fish over 1 pound common. They prefer areas with a sandy bottom and generally avoid areas that are stagnant or heavily vegetated. Trautman, M.B. Appendix C: Inventory of Available Controls for Aquatic Nuisance Species of Concern, Chicago Area Waterway System. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Lepomis microlophus are found here. Life Expectancy:. Most are caught from spawning "beds" in early summer. First records of redear sunfish (Lepomis microlophus) in New England. 1967. Nelson, J.S., and S.D. Saiki, M.K., B.A. Habitat and range. This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. They usually associate with stumps, logs, brush, and other aquatic vegetation. Contact us if you are using data from this site for a publication to make sure the data are being used appropriately and for potential co-authorship if warranted. Ruiz, G.M., P. Fofonoff, A.H. Hines, and E.D. "Redear Sunfish." Epifano, J.E. Accessed [11/5/2020]. 1994. Fertilized eggs are sticky and clump together in the nest. Proceedings of the World Fisheries Congress, Theme 3. Wiley, eds. Foltz, and J.M. Traces of these spots can sometimes be seen tapering on the edge of the tail or caudal fin where the body connects. It is known for its diet of mollusks and snails.

Hiebert, and D.M. Gerking, S.D. 1971. Identification:  A moderately large, deep bodied sunfish with relatively long, pointed snout and small mouth. Vinyard, G.L. Melwani, A.R., S.N. Hybridization in freshwater fishes: a review of case studies and cytonuclear methods of biological inference. Keys to Oregon Freshwater Fishes. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Bailey, R.M. Northeastern Naturalist 4(4):237-240.

pp. Total mercury concentrations in fillets of bluegill, redear sunfish, largemouth bass, and other fishes from Lake Natoma, Sacramento County, California. A Redear Sunfish (Lepomis microlophus) is an easily distinguished member of the sunfish family, and in some areas of the U.S. is known as a "shellcracker." 2009.

67 pp. Heard. Burkholder. Most active in daylight. (2005). Preferred Habitat.

The redear sunfish (Lepomis microlophus), also known as the shellcracker, Georgia bream, cherry gill, chinquapin, improved bream, rouge ear sunfish and sun perch) is a freshwater fish in the family Centrarchidae and is native to the southeastern United States. (1991); Page and Burr (1991); Etnier and Starnes (1993). Distribution in Illinois - ILNHS Great Lakes Waterlife. Morris, J., L. Morris, and L. Witt. Tilmant, J.T. Crowder, and S.A. McCollum. University of California Press, Berkeley, CA. Pursuant to section 120.74, Florida Statutes, the Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission has published its 2019 Agency Regulatory Plan. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Hall, G.E. 1986 . Stewart. 2000. Fish Species Recorded from Nevada. Zoogeography of the fishes of the Lower Ohio-Upper Mississippi basin. Martin. Hocutt and E.O. They prefer to be near logs and vegetation, and tend to congregate in groups around these features. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science.

They feed on snails and small mollusks, but will also prey upon small insect larvae and large zooplankton. Denoncourt, R. F., T. B. Robbins, and R. Hesser.

Predicting future introductions of nonindigenous species to the Great Lakes. Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission • Farris Bryant Building 1995. Rakoginski, and R.W. The ear flap is black with a whitish border and a prominent orange or red spot. 2008. 1997. Boltz, and L.R. (2009) also conclude that the native range includes the Savannah River in Georgia and extends south through Florida and west to the Rio Grande River, and north in the Mississippi River Valley to southern Illinois and Indiana. Average life: 3-5 years. University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville, TN.

National Wildlife Refuge System Invasive Species. 1984. The redear sunfish (Lepomis microlophus), also known as the shellcracker, Georgia bream, cherry gill, chinquapin, improved bream, rouge ear sunfish and sun perch) is a freshwater fish in the family Centrarchidae and is native to the southeastern United States.Since it is a popular sport fish, it has been introduced to bodies of water all over North America.

Most are covered with scales.

Burr.

In Iowa, fish found in interior streams are believed to be escapes from stocked lakes (Harlan et al. The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. 1984). Science 298:1233-1236.

Proceedings of the Pennsylvania Academy of Science 49:57-58. Starnes, W.C., J. Odenkirk, and M.J. Ashton.

1986.

A distributional study of Missouri fishes. Spatial trends and impairment assessment of mercury in sport fish in the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta watershed. In the wild, the redear sunfish inhabits warm, quiet waters of lakes, ponds, streams, and reservoirs. Zoogeography of the fishes of the Lower Ohio-Upper Mississippi basin. Lowe. They can be found in areas with woody debris, stumps, undercut banks, shoreline riprap and rocky points. Handbook of Fishes of Kansas.

Loyacano, H.A. 1079 pp. The throat teeth of this fish have broad, flattened surfaces, which are well suited for crushing mollusk shells. 42. Max length is 43.2 cm (17.0 in), compared to a maximum of about 40 cm (16 in) for the bluegill. Average Size: . Utah Department of Fish and Game, Salt Lake City, UT. in an estuarine bayou.

Inland Fishes of California.

Species introductions and their ecological consequences: An example with congeneric sunfish. Redear Sunfish (Lepomis microlophus)Redear Sunfish have proven to be an excellent addition to the fisheries of many ponds and lakes. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. Red River Authority of Texas. Update and analysis of fish occurrences in the lower Potomac River drainage in the vicinity of Plummers Island, Maryland—Contribution XXXI to the natural history of Plummers Island, Maryland. Moyle, P.B., and J. Randall. 2001b. National Center for Environmental Assessment, Washington, DC; EPA/600/R-08/066F. 1969. Quattro. 1992. Distribution, biology, and management of exotic fishes. For queries involving invertebrates, contact Amy Benson. Their sides have brown spotting forming a mottled, or checkered, pattern. Recommended Resources to Help You Description. Lee, D.S., S.P. 16 pp. Ecology 79(6):1980-1994. South Carolina State Record:. Aquatic nuisance species of the Mississippi River basin.

Pierce.

Redear Sunfish are the best way to clean mussels off anything.

Environmental Pollution 157(11):3137-3149. † Populations may not be currently present. © 2014 Commonwealth of Kentucky All rights reserved. Hybridizes with other Lepomis species (Scribner et al. Shellcracker grow … Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. Sigler, W.F., and J.W. Rohde et al. Wiley, editors. The adult fish are between 20 and 24 cm (7.9 and 9.4 in) in length. California's Yolo Bypass: Evidence that flood control can be compatible with fisheries, wetlands, wildlife, and agriculture. State Biological Survey and University of Kansas Museum of Natural History, Miscellaneous Publication 45, Topeka, KS. 2001. The redear sunfish (Lepomis microlophus), also known as the shellcracker, Georgia bream, cherry gill, chinquapin, improved bream, rouge ear sunfish and sun perch, is native to the southeastern United States, but since it is a popular sport fish it has been introduced to bodies of water all over North America. Fishes of Utah. Functional linkages among morphology, feeding performance, diet, and competitive ability in molluscivorous sunfish. Walker, P. 1993. Redear, and to a lesser extent pumpkinseed, are the only known morphologically and behaviorally specialized molluscivores in the sunfish family (Huckins et al. A bright red mark on the back edge of the gill cover is very distinctive.

2013.1). Hartel. (2.04 kg). 372 pp. They usually associate with stumps, logs, brush, and other aquatic vegetation. Deep-bodied, olive colored, with darker spots and flecks of red, and occasionally vertical bars along the sides. Preferred habitat includes warm lowland swamps, oxbows, and sluggish backwaters or side channels of streams and rivers. Minckley, W.L. The native range for this species is Atlantic coast of North America (USEPA 2008). Annotated list of the fishes of Nevada. Gilbert, Carter Rowell, and James D. Williams. Insider Viewpoint Magazine.

The IGFA all tackle world record for the species stands at 2.61 kg (5 lb 12oz) caught from Lake Havasu in Arizona in 2014.[6]. 1975. 287-324. Fishes of Pennsylvania and the Northeastern United States. Distribution and Habitat:  Occurs sporadically statewide. Deacon, J.E., and J.E. Print. Secor.

Hickey, and M.L. GLMRIS. Exotic fishes in Puerto Rico.

Diet: Mollusks, Snails, Crayfish, Vertebrates, and small Fish. North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission. This sunfish prefers warm, clear waters with no noticeable current and an abundance of aquatic plants. Harlan, J.R., E.B. The back and sides are golden or light olive green.

1981. Osenberg, and G.G. It is even capable of opening small clams. This species is native to North Carolina and Florida, west to the south in Illinois and south to... Redear sunfish diet. Crowder, C.F. University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City, UT. The Delaware population at Wagamons Pond was discovered in October 1994 (Raasch, personal communication). University of South Carolina Press, Columbia, South Carolina.

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